As we mark the World Toilet Day 2023 and draws closer to the 2030 deadline for attaining Sustainable Development Goal 6; “Ensure availability and sustainability management of water and sanitation for all” and Target 6.2 majors on End Open Defecation and provide access to sanitation and Hygiene, Let’s x-ray the Sanitation Crisis faced by majority of the World’s population:

  • 3.5 Million People are living without Safe toilets.
  • 419 Million People still practice Open Defecation.
  • 1000 Children under five (5) years, every single day die of diseases.
  •  1.7 Billion Cases of diarrhea in 2018, 446,000 died.
  • 3 Million Cases of Cholera in 2020 and an estimate of 95,000 deaths.
  • 11 Million cases of typhoid fever and estimated death of 129,000
  • Almost half of the wastewater (from toilets, sinks, drains and gutters) coming out from households flows back into nature without treatment (removal of harmful elements/substance).
  • Reduced productive hours, anxiety and increased exposure of the young girls and women to danger.
  • Poor sanitation also increase the transmission of diseases like dysentery, polio and intestinal worm infections.
  • Poor sanitation results to malnutrition.
  • Lack of adequate toilets keep girls of puberty age away from school during menstrual periods, increasing the number of girls who missed school.


See more facts and data about Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) here


What can we do?

Let’s take a clue from the Hummingbird

The theme of the 2023 World Toilet Day is Accelerating Change and the Hummingbird is used as an illustrative character. Let’s look at the connections below:

An ancient tale by the Quechua People in Peru about the Hummingbird attempting to quench a wild fire in the forest, while other animals ran away she decided to take action; she carried droplets of water on her beak to quench the fire, the other animals said to her “what do you think those droplets can do’ she replied “I’m doing what I can”.

A hummingbird is a natural sanitation champion, she keeps her body waste away from her nest to protect her young. She does what she can for her health and that of her young.

Like the Hummingbird, Can you do, what you can?

  • Take actions
  • Do what you can to quench the Sanitation crisis.
  • Don’t be distracted by what people will say, do your best.
  • In the least little way possible, solve big problems.
  • Tackle the problem one at a time.


  • Start with keeping your toilets clean, extend to keeping all toilets better than you meet them.
  • Encourage people around you to build, use and keep their toilets clean.
  • Discourage open defecation.
  • In cases where open defecation is unavoidable; please dig the ground and cover after defecating, don’t defecate into river and stream channels.


Our actions are needs to be made fast, as 2030 is approaching and the World needs to meet the targets of the Sustainable Development Goal 6, else we are in a deep mess.

Be the Change the World is waiting for!

Accelerate Change everywhere!

Like the Hummingbird, Do what you can NOW!

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